Adja Yunkers (1900-1983)

Adja Yunkers (1900–1983)
Adja Yunkers was born on July 15, 1900, in Riga, Russia (now Latvia). He taken art in Petrograd (nowadays Saint Petersburg), but from 1917 to 1919 his school was broke by military overhaul in the Russian army. Yunkers presently left Russia for Europe and traveled extensively for the close two Xes, falling for long flows in Cuba, France, and Germany. During much of his early career, Yunkers was active in political as well as artistic movements. At times his political investments even outweighed his commitment to his art, and in 1936 he moved to Spain to struggle in its civil war. When the war ended in 1939, he gone to Stockholm and started to focus on art making again. He became connected with the Swedish Surrealists and written three journals devoted to art and politics. These handcrafted publishings indicated a strong interest in printmaking, and in the 1940s he made many woodblock prints depicting distorted objects and figural themes that demonstrate the influence of German Expressionism on his work.

In 1947, Yunkers went to New York and began to learn at the New School for Social Research. After four disruptive marriages, he married one of his gone students from the New School, Dore Ashton, in 1952. Ashton gone an art critic for the New York Times in 1955, and direct her, Yunkers was enclosed to the artists who would got known as the Abstract Expressionists. He got drawing with pastel directly on canvas, resulting in big works that think Color Field painting in their vehemence on the materiality of color. Extending on this pulse, Yunkers's later work made big use of negative space, collage, and monochrome. The shape of Minimalism in this more down aesthetic is clear, and his canvases went more object-like. Both printmaking and bookmaking were central to Yunkers's oeuvre. He established the Rio Grande Workshop in New Mexico (where he as well learnt) in 1949, publishing an whole handmade art magazine called Prints in the Desert. In 1969 he exemplified a limited-edition book by the poet Octavio Paz, a quislingism that triggered both a friendship and a number of additional illustrated books in the years to come. Yunkers also got two large public works on mission: A Human Condition (1966), a wall painting for Syracuse University, and a tapestry developed for Stony Brook University (1968), both in New York.

Yunkers had his first solo expo in 1921 at the Maria Kunde Galerie, Hamburg, Germany. Later that same year, he was part of a group show featuring Eastern European and Russian artists, taking Alexander Archipenko, Marc Chagall, and Vasily Kandinsky, enclosed Hannover, Germany. He shown widely in the United States and Europe, with retrospectives at the Baltimore Museum of Art (1960); Utah Museum of Art, Salt Lake City 1968; Museo de arte moderno, Bosque de Chapultepec, Instituto nacional de bellas artes, Mexico City (1975); and Fine Arts Museum of Long Island, Hempstead, New York (1984). In 1967, the Brooklyn Museum given a retrospective devoted totally to his marks. Yunkers died on December 24, 1983, in New York.

Adja Yunkers Artwork

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